Years Represented: 1993-1997
Class: Sports Dar
Type: fastback coupe
Country of Origin: Japan ````````````````` Host: GT1, GT2, GT3 & GT4
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GT1 Price New Cars: $34,000 (SZ-R) $43,900
GT1 Price Used Cars: $19,280 (SZ-R) N/A (RZ)
GT2/GT3 New Car Price: $34,700
('97 SZ-R), $44,800 ('97 RZ)
GT2 Used Car Price: $20,666, $25,667
Price: $17,000 (used '97 SZ-R), $21,950 (used '97 RZ)
Construction: unit steel body,
aluminum hood. aluminum & steel chassis.
Length: 177.8" // Width: 71.25" // Height: 50.9"
6 feet 5 inches
Track: 59.1" [F] 60.0" [R]
Ground Clearance: 5.1"
Weight: 3,196 pounds (SZ-R), 3,328 pounds (RZ)
Steering: variable power-assisted rack & pinion
Layout: Front Engine / Rear Drive
[F] 245/45ZR-16 [R]
F & R. Suspension: dual wishbone, coils, anti-roll bars, shocks
Brakes: vented discs
Engine: 3.0 liter DOHC inline-6
Construction: cast iron block,
Aspiration: natural (SZ-R) intercooled turbo (RZ)
Fuel System: EFi with VVTI
Valves / Cyl: 4
x Stroke: 3.39 x 3.39"
Compression: 10.0:1 (SZ-R), 8.5:1 (RZ)
GT4 stats below:
BHP: ``222 @ 6,000 325 @ 5,600
Torque: 207 @ 4,800 392 @ 3,600
Credits per Hp: $76.58
Pounds per HP: 14.40
Hp per Liter: 74.0
Idle Speed: 750 // Redline: 6,800 // RPM Limit: 7,000
Transmission: 6-Speed Manual
Differential (real-life): Limited-slip
0-60 mph: 7.277 seconds
0-100mph: 17.806 seconds
400 M: 15.535 @ 93 mph
1 Kilom: 27.956 @ 123
Test Track: 1:46.359
done with N3 tires
+ oil changed
0-60 mph: 7.816 secs.
0-100mph: 18.033 secs. 12.900 seconds
58.450 secs. 31.116 secs.
400 M: 15.927 @ 93 mph 14.557
@ (speed n/a)
1 Kilom: 28.115 @ 122 mph 25.826 @ 140
Test Track: 2:29.661
Brakes: 100-zero: 4.03 seconds 3.92 seconds
Top Gear RPM @ 60 mph: 2,800
SZ-R Top Speed at Redline
1st: 33 mph
2nd: 57 mph
3rd: 86 mph
4th: 109 mph
5th: 132 mph
160.92 mph@ 7,000 rpms (GT2)
```````157.39 mph @ 6,700
RZ Top Speed at Redline
1st: 3x mph
2nd: 66 mph
3rd: 99 mph
4th: 127 mph
6th: 180.32 mph @ 6,500 rpm (GT4)
---------------EXTERIOR / HISTORY--------------
This generation of Supra, the racy-looking Mk IV, is one that I didn't
get to explore much 'til recently. Towards the end of my GT2 days, I did drive a Supra SZ-R as well as an RZ, but don't
have much memory about either one except that they fishtail alot (in my memory, anyways). Apparently my experiences with these
cars were sandwiched between countless others: Vipers, Civics, Camaros, Astons, TVRs, Alfas...you name it. I didn't drive
or race ANY Mk IVs at all in GT1 or 3 (except till recently to finish this review). Well it turns
out I really missed one heck of a party.
1993 was the first year of Mk-IV production. The 4th-generation of Supra was meant to be a grand refinement
over any Supra previously built. I'll cut right to the chase (whatever the hell that means) and tell you my opinion: Toyota
achieved their goal.
There really is a huge difference between 3rd-generation and 4th generation Supras,
most of this difference is positive (from a racing standpoint, anyways). They really are very different beasts. And we can
experience these differences while comparing both generations side by side in any game except GT3 (which doesn't include any
Mk. IIIs). There are always several versions of both generations of Supra, included in any other Gran Turismo.
those who have been playing GT1 since the mid '90s, it's a bit of a sad tale overall. Little did we know that this (the 4th)
generation would be the last generation, as the world was about to get obsessive with giant sport-utility vehicles
over the next few years, and sports-car sales would plunge. Toyota decided to play it safe, and dropped the
But do not despair. The Mk-IV Supra lives and thrives as strong as ever in any GT game. In GT1,
there are two SZ-Rs and two RZs from both '95 and '97. Therefore, there is a used SZ-R and a new one; a used
RZ and a new one. The main difference is that the newer RZs get more a few more horses with full mods in place than used RZs,
but SZ-Rs don't get any additional power in the long run. Whether you buy a '95 or a '97 in GT1, both wind up with
about 377 horses.
GT2, on the other hand, includes several MK IVs, a confusing total of
seven versions, some new and some used. For GT3 and GT4, PD scaled back, apparently eliminating
as much excess as possible. There is only one SZ-R and one RZ in each game. Really, this is all we really
need. In GT4, both cars have a '97 model year.
In the first two games, Mk IVs are easy to find, even from the used
car lots. If you're interested, there really is NO EXCUSE not to own one. If a newer Supra's higher price puts you off,
just hunt the used lots! Like many other '90s-era Japanese models, the only issue in these games (so far as used
cars go) is that you may have to wait if you're trying to dish up a particular color. In GT3, of course, either Supra (SZ-R
or RZ) can be had at any time, since there are no used cars in this game.
Once we get to GT4, all the rules unfortunately
change in a bad way. Mk IVs only appear in the #2 used lot, and they are also very RARE. I
can't emphasize the frustration I felt as I tried to buy first an SZ-R, and then an RZ in GT4, staying for days,
weeks, and finally MONTHS at Las Vegas as I waited for these cars to show up. And they usually show up one at a time. I
really wanted a blue version of one and a red of the other, but what wound up happening is I took whatever color eventually
showed up so I could get my game going again.
As some of the pictures show, I wound up with a dull silver
RZ. It took awhile before I finally found a dark blue model, but I finally got one. For sure, these cars are definitely
worth the wait. Not sure what the rest of the world is like, but Supras actually are a bit rare here in America. As I
said before, low sports car sales in the '90s are partially to blame, and those occasional owners who no-doubt wrecked
their cars are also at fault. Supras are racy cars, after all.
As sports cars, these Supras are on the
heavy side, but not horribly so. Although Supras after '93 weigh about the same as their main competition (the Z
car), They feel more competent than Z cars, even with no weight reductions. In GT4, the RZ falls to 2,761
pounds with full weight removed, and of course the SZ-R is somewhat lighter. (chart) Pound-shaving helps in
the long run, but isn't 100% necessary for all races Mk IV Supras can run.
And get ready, for these
cars can run many, many races...in some cases they'll be able to finish World Cups, NA or Turbo cups, and
sophisticated Tuned events, taking you all the way to the top. But this depends on which game you've got. Let us learn
some idiosyncracies from game to game.
-------------------ENGINE / DRIVETRAIN-----------------------
Toyota already found near-perfection with the MA70/Mk III-era of Supra engines, so
the straight-6 as it appears in Mk IV-era cars doesn't boast anything out of the ordinary. These engines are
more powerful, though. We do have more power with this newer generation of sixes...but the actual engine is a 3.0 liter,
no larger than a six found in an Mk III. This is only being mentioned because often many carmakers use displacement
increases as a way of attracting customers, and/or increasing power. Also, I don't think the smaller 2.5 liter powerplant was
carried over, offered for Mk IV. Not that this is a problem.
For Mk IV, Toyota offered these sixes either as naturally-aspirated (SZ-R) or with an intercooled twin turbo
(RZ). We get to play with both cars, of course. The naturally-aspirated versions are not as strong as straight-sixes for a
BMW M3 as it appears in GT4, nor is their redline as high, but otherwise they are good, flexible motors that have much
in common. Torque is strong. The range of revs is wide and easy to work with, rather than spikey and difficult. Naturally-aspirated
Supras are easier to drive and race, overall, and remain so most of the time even when power is tweaked. These cars have a
greater range of traction-under-acceleration, too.
Unfortunately, as we saw in the last chapter, power can't be tweaked nearly as high as in the
turbos. In any game, the turbo cars can accept all four intercooled-turbo kits, making them Kings.
---------------CHASSIS / HANDLING-------------
When these cars started production in 1993, just 20 of them were created in the first run. Toyota
wanted to remove the musclecar-like image of the earlier MA70, and replace it with something much more refined, much more
capable. The 4th-gen Supra borrowed the 3rd-gen's tradition of stiff coil springs and five inches of ground clearance, yet
as we'll see, 4th-gen cars get things even better. “Thank you” is all I have to say.
it takes is a couple laps of driving to see how versatile the MK-IV is. ...Not just because of the great power differences,
but also because of the behavior of these cars from showroom to GT World Cup: while they are stock, when they are moderately
modified, and when they are deeply modified. From game to game, the way this car was modeled also changes.
The Supra here is so
different from later games. Both the SZ-R and the RZ start off being little rockstar/supercars. Seriously, even the worst
drivers who ever crawled out of a cave should be able to handle either of these cars with ease while they're near-stock.
Firstly, the lack of understeer is really astounding. Almost ZERO understeer! It's simply not possible to have a front-engine
car that doesn't exhibit some understeer, yet it's happening in the first game. Second, notice that after awhile,
every corner is nothing but another chance to showboat...to get as sideways as possible; and then just
as easily pull back into a solid, straight line. Driving a Supra in GT1 on pavement is seriously almost like
driving a rally car with 4-wheel drive in GT2 on an off-road track at times. Neither the SZ-R nor the RZ exhibits any rear-wheel
spin no matter how sideways you get or when you drop the gas-pedal. You'd expect this from the weaker SZ-R, but even the RZ
drives like some sort of clingy high-speed turtle.
Add some power, and things can start to get ugly
for less experienced players. Now, there's still zero understeer but buckets of oversteer. With almost
800 horses on tap in an RZ (and no limited-slip devices available), it takes mad concentration just keeping one of
these rockets going in a straight line! But pros can eventually figure this car (even high-powered) out in the long run.
It just takes lots of practice and teeth-gnashing moments.
There is a huge difference from the first game to the 2nd. Both
cars still have a very wide margin of leechy grip, but the RZ (in particular) doesn't get away with as much as it did
in GT1. Understeer in both cars is still lowish while stock, but the RZ rear does start to get a little more playful...and
this can lead to spins if you carry things too far.
But that doesn't mean you can't still play hard. Often, all it
takes is a well-timed flick of countersteer to zero out any chance of spinning or sliding uncontrollably. These cars still
tolerate plenty of recalcitrant moments in the right hands. If anything, they're just modeled in more detail and with firmer
The used Supras don't accept nearly as much power as the new ones in GT2, oddly, even though the MkIV Supras
had the exact same engine design for years in real-life. Anyways, we're talking about a difference of 741 horses
for a new RZ versus about 387 for a used one. Just like in GT1, the more power we add, the more "fishtaily"
these cars get; the difference in GT2 is (of course) it's possible to install a full-custom limited-slip,
which is EXTREMELY recommended and makes all the difference in those higher-paced races.
The SZ-R still remains a top car
for beginners. It's still just as open and easy to drive...and it still welcomes pros to push it harder and harder, to try
and find those limits. "Toss me into the corner! Come on, don't be a sissy!!" it taunts.
Get it sideways..plant
that throttle like an ice pick, and ease out of that slide! I think in this game, SZ-Rs are the most fun.
Understeer shows up extremely late, like a shy person peeking her head into a party, and just as quickly hiding back into
With a mighty burnout of those rear 245s, the RZ is obviously bolder and takes more
skill to drive, yet is still putty in our hands while the power is low. Just like the SZ-R, the RZ doesn't need much brake-time
in this game, and would rather you brake later than you would in many less capable cars. The front-end stays
right on-track like 99% of the time...and you can do whatever you wish with the rear!
But with about 875 horses
and no race-kit to speak of...the front-end finally starts to get a little sloppy in GT3...while the rear gets REALLY
sloppy. Yikes. It's frightening and not very fun, to be honest....like driving on a frozen lake, except with lots of walls
and guardrails to slam into! Tuning a limited-slip helps as it does in GT2, but without modifyable downforce, highly
souped-up RZs are just for the eXtReMe bungee-jumping pros amongst us.
Like many cars in this game, understeer prevails above
oversteer, especially while the RZ and SZ-R are young and stock (or nearly so). But there's still a massive front
footprint of grip keeping things safe. However, it's the understeer that finally does start to show up
that seperates GT4 versions from the ones in earlier games.
Other than some late (very late) understeer, the
SZ-R doesn't change much from earlier games. It still navigates corners like it was born to do so....and
is still very tossable, flexible, and won't require a limited-slip till power is pushing Stage 3 (say...about 350-ish bhp).
It is still either an amateur's best friend or a pro's paradise. But after awhile, you do start to notice the little
stuff. Those moments when the SZ-R finally does start to understeer at exactly the wrong time, for instance. It's
easy to get over-confident in this one since it's constantly teasing us to do so, but occasionally there are those
moments when whoops!...it can't fulfill what it promises. But once you learn the limits, rarely will this car disappoint.
since the RZ accepts boatloads more power than the naturally-aspirated SZ-R, it eventually winds up being
the super-rockstar while the SZ-R remains a dependable, fastidious roadie.
While near stock, the RZ in GT4 navigates
corners just like an SZ-R, except the rear-end has a tendency to get a bit more squirrely out of corners. For the most
part, this rear-end squirrelyness is mostly controlable while power is anywhere near stock (350-ish hp). A limited-slip
isn't needed for awhile, unless one is chosen for use in an attempt to try and kill whatever behavior is deemed negative.
This changes, of course.
Eventually (and fairly quickly) the RZ will NEED a limited-slip of some sort, if it's
to be kept behaving. I'm talking about Stage 1 power, now. It can be a fixed differential at this stage, but once
you're REALLY laying up the power, a full-custom unit definately becomes necessary. This is unlike the
Viper, unlike the Skyline, unlike many other cars I've driven in GT4.
The RZ is just as race-worthy as
these sports cars, but it requires tuning earlier. And now...
A classic Japanese sports car that evolved over many years and four generations. The Mk IV represents the peak of Toyota's
2). That versatile straight-6 engine. From game to game there are variations of it...all of them do their
3). The SZ-R is amateur-friendly (tho not newb-friendly), while the RZ is more strictly for the intermediates
and pros among us. Something for everybody (but newbs).
4). 6-speed transmission in any version or year.
A tail-happy rear-drive car. Excitement is always a tap of gas away. There are lots of scenarios to place an Mk IV Supra,
whether we're going for grip or drift. A very versatile RWD machine.
6). GT1 & 2: racing kits available.
GT4 cars accept wing kits.
7). Used and new models in GT1 and 2, as well. No matter what your budget, one
of these can soon be in your garage. Even in GT4, these cars are still inexpensive.
8). Smooth, very quick acceleration
once out of 1st gear.
9). The lack of understeer (in any game) is very welcome. Oversteer in many flavors adds
spice to the stew. Overall a very competent sports car...more race-ready than earlier Mk 1 thru III Supras.
11). Slipstreamy aerodynamics make for some very high top speeds.
12). Oh yeah. Lots and lots of power
upgrades, particularly for the RZ. In any game, it's possible to take some RZs well over 800 horsepower.
1). Difficult to control
for some drivers. The gas pedal in particular must be mastered in this car, whether you're trying for a straight-line
acceleration run or general exit-cornering during races.
2). GT1 and GT2: not all SZ-R and RZs are created equal.
Some cars (some used RZs of GT2, particularly) can't make anywhere near the max power of others. Too many versions can
create some confusion, basically.
3). Limited-slip devices, extensive suspension tuning, and even some brake tuning
is highly recommended if you are to extend your Supra's career far. This is definately a tuner's
car, despite being race-ready and competent while stock. In other words, n00bs and some amateurs who might do okay in
a Skyline GT-R should steer clear of these Supras.
4). Stock gearing can feel too tall for super-twisty,
shorter tracks, despite this car's flexible engine.
5). Heavy. Weight reductions recommended for these in the
6). GT1: lack of aftermarket limited-slip devices eventually ruins the Mk-IV's capabilities.
GT3: the lack of wing kit or racing aerodynamics in this game means it's useless to try and use ALL the power this car is
8). GT4: difficult to find either an SZ-R or an RZ from the used lots. It can take a stroke of luck,
or alot of planning & waiting to find that exact color.
9). Lowish suspension + stiff springs make for a
bouncy, difficult ride over bumpy areas. Finally, the Supra's track prowess can get skewed as its undercarriage jumps
Finally published: January 14, 2009, but written over several months prior.